|Category||Women, Bags, Crossbody Bags|
Editor's Note: This article was originally published in 2013 and was updated in January 2014. It has been updated again.
Eileen Fisher Organic Linen Sweater Marled Small,
The USA Patriot Act J. Crew Collection Tie Sleeve Alpaca SweaterNew Wedding Crystal Princess Tiara.,
Ever since Congress passed the controversial law in October 2011, proponents have argued its provisions give law enforcement and government agencies the power they need to keep the United States safe from terrorist attacks like 9/11. Critics have said those powers are far too broad. They've stripped away civil liberties and privacy and made it too easy for the government and law enforcement to spy on US citizens without accountability.
Christian Louboutin Pvc Pivichic,
Like new designer Barbara Bui gloss nature heels,
Dr. Martens Fenton Unisex Black Leather Sandals,
Dooney & Bourke Disney World Wallet, reported on June 6, 2013 that, according to documents leaked by Edward Snowden, the Obama administration enabled the National Security Agency to collect caller information from Verizon through a “business records” provision of the Patriot Act, established under President George W. Bush. The government ordered Verizon to hand over call information on a daily basis, including the time, location and duration of calls. The Bush administration began collecting such information in October 2001 from AT&T, Verizon and BellSouth, which USA Today reported in 2006.
Ann Taylor Factory Metallic Houndstooth Skirt 14,BedHead Blowout Freak One-step Styler,NWOT Victoria’s Secret Pink Sports Bras Black Green Size Large (2),
Tracy Negoshian XS dress,
Snowden also leaked a Michael Kors Fuchsia Studded Winter Headband NWTLululemon Vinyasa Scarf Wrap Herringbone New,
PRISM is the NSA effort to collect massive amounts of data from internet companies such as email content, search histories and file transfers tied to potential terrorism or espionage suspects. The PowerPoint presentation confirmed that the NSA is able to directly access the servers of "major US service providers,” describing collaboration with tech companies like YouTube, Skype, Google and Apple. Google, Apple, and others in the tech industry, however, denied awareness of the program.
PRISM began in 2007 with Microsoft and expanded to include Apple in 2012. To be subject to PRISM surveillance, there need only be “reasonable suspicion” that one of the suspects is outside the United States. Unlike the Verizon court-ordered collaboration, the government can access live information, photos, video chats and data from social networks directly through the companies’ servers without required consent or individual court orders. One slide puts the cost of the program at $20 million per year.
LULULEMON Get It On Skirt Black / Inkwell Size 6 High Rise Skater Stretch Travel,
Jimmy Choo Annie 85 Ankle Strap Sandals Platinum Ice Glittered Suede EU 40 Heels,
Versace Parfums black clutch with bag,Neiman Marcus Black Tote Bag With Two pockets, reported on June 8.
Diane von Furstenberg Cassandra Wide Leg Black Jumpsuit Romper Silk NEW S,
Big Bud Press Royal Blue Everyday Jumpsuit Size XXS,
Young fabulous and broke heathered green lounge wear joggers,
New Pearl and Rhinestone Hair Comb.,
Snowden, speaking with Gender Neutral Wilson Leather messenger bag,, gave his first press interview with an outlet other than the Guardian after revealing himself as the source of the leaks on June 12. He said he would stay in Hong Kong until he is "asked to leave,” and said that he took up his previous role as a consultant with Booz Allen Hamilton with the intent of disseminating state secrets. (Snowden would later fly to Moscow and initiate asylum applications with more than 20 countries, many of them denied.) Snowden also told the South China Morning Post that the NSA has been hacking mainland Chinese and Hong Kong computers since 2009. He claimed the NSA hacked networks at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, home to the Hong Kong Internet Exchange and Hong Kong’s main terminal for all internet traffic.
Flamingos Tatum Colorblock Platform Sneaker: Navy chunky 39 or 8,:
Snowden's statements hardened the standoff between China and the United States over hacking. Hong Kong Secretary for Security Lai Tung-kwok announced that the Hong Kong Internet Exchange has been monitored but appears unaffected, while Chinese University announced that it has not found evidence of hacking on its servers.
The domestic debate in the United States began to reach a fever pitch. A Gallup Poll conducted between June 10 and June 11 placed support among Americans for Snowden’s actions at 44 percent, while 42 percent said his actions were wrong. Still, the poll found that 57 percent of respondents did not support the NSA’s surveillance programs as outlined in the leaked documents, while 37 percent approved.
Quicksilver XL Ghost Tree Down Mountain Division Puffer Jacket Coat,
Ultra chi straightener. Purple and rose gold design,
There is specific mention in the slides of targeting “the Turkish finance minister and possibly 15 others in his party,” Coach wool scarf, teal strips with fringe. Unisex. The slides suggest “senior level” members of government in Gordon Brown’s administration, Britain's prime minister at the time, were aware of the intelligence gathering and that the information “was passed to British ministers.” The presentation also alludes to such covert techniques being neither unprecedented nor unique.
NWT Show me you mumu mini skirt hershel hanky,
Barney’s NY Disney Holiday shopping bags 3,
Christian Louboutin glitter multi color platine heel.,
While the documents outline the circumstances the NSA must destroy data collected from US citizens, as well as the rigorous steps analysts are supposed to take to make sure a target is outside the United States, they also reveal several ways the NSA can continue to use data collected on US citizens. The revelations appear to contradict statements by Obama and others that the NSA cannot access data on US citizens without a warrant.
Gears of War: Centaur Construction Set: Erector Model,
Vintage Olive Green Crewneck,
7) Friends who hack together stay together
Complex culture Titanium Curling Iron,revealed slidesBrown suede Giorgio Armani high top sneakers,
Misha Letizia Cutout Halter Jumpsuit,
The slides indicate that private companies are required to give GCHQ discreet access to tap the cables. The United Kingdom shared that information with the NSA beginning in 2011, giving the US spy agency unlimited access to GCHQ data. The slides show that “850,000 NSA employees and US private contractors with top secret clearance had access to GCHQ databases.”
Officials and private citizens raised concerns on both sides of the Atlantic that there is insufficient oversight and limited restrictions on the UK’s fiber-optic surveillance system. The close-knit relationship between the US and UK intelligence agencies, as well as the NSA’s unfiltered access to Britain’s world-leading cyber-surveillance stores, came under heightened scrutiny. Some diplomats worried that the revelations could negatively impact EU-US trade discussions, and that China-US cybersecurity talks, already on a tentative footing, could suffer as well.
brand new beats,
Hot tools dryer brush,7 For All Mankind Logo Unisex Jean Tote,, Snowden said on June 23 that the NSA has hacked into computer networks at Tsinghua University an unknown number of times. Snowden said on a single day in January 63 computers and servers were hacked. Snowden argued that the internal and external IP addresses he disclosed could only come from hacking or physical access to the computers.
The facility at Tsinghua University is one of six backbone networks that comprise the China Education and Research Network (CERNET), through which internet data for millions of Chinese can be accessed. The system was the first of its kind and is now the largest national research hub in the world. It is owned by the Ministry of Education and maintained by the university and other colleges.
NWT Gorgeous Black Spinel 5-Stone Ring in .925Vintage JR Vinyl Tote Bag,
Gerry Black Packable Down Jacket Puffer Ski GG8409,
Rag & Bone ankle booties,
Express X Olivia Culpo High Waisted Striped Track Pants - Red & White - XXS,
New Crystal Rhinestone Flower Hair Comb.Alo Yoga Goddess Ribbed Leggings NWOT,
Greenwald said that though the still-secret documents are encrypted, Snowden has made arrangements for the passwords to reach those with the files if he is unable to access them himself.
LV monogram extra large tote bag,
The fact that Snowden made multiple copies of the classified intelligence he carries created renewed angst among US officials. New questions were raised as to whether the US intelligence community can adequately stem the current leak and prevent future breaches from occurring.
10) NSA surveils Europe
German news magazine Der SpiegelSoludos Floral Daisy Embroidered Womens Organic Cotton Lace up Sneaker Navy 7M,
The document reportedly specifies Europeans as a “location target,” with Germans singled out as a major focus of US eavesdropping. The document also mentions telecommunications hacking — first reported by EU officials five years ago — of the EU Council of Ministers and the European Council at the Justus Lipsius Building in Brussels. Calls from an NSA-occupied building at the NATO headquarters outside of Brussells, according to the document, were traced to the Lipsius Building.
Europeans erupted in anger over the new allegations. German Justice Minister Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger said: "If the media reports are accurate, then this recalls the methods used by enemies during the Cold War."
Grievences with the US surveillance program were particularly evident in Germany where, after a frank conversation between German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Obama during his visit to Berlin earlier in the month, cybersecurity was a hot topic.
Vintage Barn Square Dance Skirt Red White Gingham Eyelet Patchwork Squared Up,
Vintage Petrune of Ithaca White Floral Circle Skirt New With Tags Large L,The Guardian revealed a 2007 document that named 38 embassies and missions that were “targets” of US surveillance, including the EU embassy in Washington and its mission in New York.
Rieker leather shoes,
The list of countries targeted was not limited to EU members or the traditional enemies of the United States, but instead includes the likes of India and Mexico, as well as Greece and Turkey. Gaining insider knowledge of diplomatic relations between the targeted states and the United States was the primary goal of the targeted surveillance, The Guardian reported.
EUC lululemon Sports Energy Bra Green and Black Size 4,
Victoria's Secret Bra Leopard Print,
12) Dilma's dilemma
In July, LCD Auto Ceramic Rotating Curling Iron Wand Anti-Scald Air Spin N Hair Curler,Victoria Secret 36C bra,
Lululemon Gray Joggers Size 4,NWT Red wBlk LaceBustier M laceupback-pantyNWT Free People Emerald Dress,
Lilly Pulitzer Long Sleeve V Neck Dress XS Cotton,
As a result, New Nike Air Jordan LS Slide Archaeo Brown Men's Sandals CZ0791-201 to the White House, demanding answers and a commitment from Washington to stop snooping in her country. It was set to be the first state visit by a Brazilian president in about two decades, and the only one scheduled this year at the White House. Although the Obama administration claimed the postponement was a joint decision made by the two presidents, some media described it as the sternest rebuke yet from a friendly nation over NSA leaks.
Louis Vuitton Belt red,Chaco Mens 13 US Otter Leather Brown SandalsNew Adidas marathon tech grey sneakers shoes,
13) Your address book is the NSA's address book
Superdry men’s wave quilt jacket. Small,Washington PostRIXO Ashley Mono Daisy Leaf long-sleeved jumpsuit, NWT,
The newly unveiled program expands on the NSA’s reach even beyond the already expansive PRISM and Xkeyscore programs, which gave the government the ability to access nearly all digital communications.
Lululemon invigorate tight 25” size 10,
sofia vitali teal 3 in 1 tote purse set,
A new round of revelations, courtesy of Snowden, leaked on Oct. 28 focused on the scope of the United States spying on its own allies, including Germany, France and Spain.
According to media, the NSA had tapped the phones of some 35 world leaders including close ally German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who branded the snooping unacceptable between friends. Spanish media reports that the NSA monitored 60 million phone calls in Spain in one month, according to the NWT Genuine Blue & White Zircon Ring .925 Silver!,Free People Mile High Fleece Fringe Scarf,
As a result, tensions are rising between the US and various allies. Merkel personally called Obama on Oct. 23, demanding an explanation, the Marine Layer Black and White Long Sleeve Mini Dress Size Small reported. Just days prior, President François Hollande of France also called the White House to confront Obama about reports that the NSA was targeting the private phone calls and text messages of millions of French people.
NWT unopened men’s coat size large,NWT Coach Signature Jewelry Ponytail/Neck ScarfThe North Face Mens Puffer Coat Full Zip Gray Size M,BEADED COCA COLA TIN STYLE PURSEBeats by Dre Powerbeats 3 Wireless Earphones in Black,
Louis VuittonPromenade Canvas Ailleurs Cabas PM Tote Bag 107lv33,
The Washington Post reported on Jan. 2, 2014 that — as always, according to documents leaked by Snowden — the NSA is racing to build a so-called quantum computer, which would be housed in room-sized metal boxes, that has the ability to break encryptions used to protect everything from banking to medical records. The new quantum computer is part of a $79.7 million program suggestively called "Penetrating Hard Targets."
Many in the scientific community have long been trying to build quantum computers and it's unclear how much further along the NSA's project is compared to anyone else's. "The NSA appears to regard itself as running neck and neck with quantum computing labs sponsored by the European Union and the Swiss government, with steady progress but little prospect of an immediate breakthrough," wrote The Washington Post.
BCBG ~ Reese Tiered Maxi Dress ~ X-SMALL,
Red Beats Solo with wire and carrying case,
LOUIS VUITTON NEVERFULL KABUKI MONOGRAM BAG AUTHENTIC,
16) "Dishfire" LOL
Les Coquines Bralette #2,Wendy Williams faux fur scarf from around the world. The NSA then used the messages to extract location information, contact networks and credit card details of mobile users. And in the spirit of sharing, the NSA provided British intelligence with all of that data, with the exception of the actual content of the text messages (so your embarrassing secret is safe?). Like everything the NSA does, the program has a cool name — Dishfire.
Under Armour Women’s Link Pants,
Ya Los Angeles for Anthropologie dress large,Coach Poppy patent monogram wristlet (which was so full of jargon you'd need a quantum computer to decipher it) outlining proposed policy changes in reaction to Snowden's whistleblowing and the subsequent NSA scandals.
17) SIM City, NSA
Women’s size 7.5 Corral cowboy boots,
Catherine Malandrino Large Tote Purse in February 2015 that Snowden provided it documents that showed the NSA and the GCHQ had hacked into the network of Gemalto, a Dutch company that manufactures two billion SIM cards per year and supplies AT&T, Verizon, T-Mobile and many other wireless providers. According to the Intercept, the hack would have given the agencies access the billions of unique encryption keys that secure the communications of designated users.
Gemalto admitted that it had been the target of at least two "particularly sophisticated intrusions" and said it was likely the NSA and GCHQ had been responsible. But it denied the hacks would have given the agencies access to the encryption keys.
REEBOK x Victoria Beckham Blue Trainer Sneakers Sz 6.5 NEW,Zadig & Voltaire Deluxe Daphnee AB Cardigan, SAuthentic Rainbow Solar Quartz Gemstone Ring,