Cripple Creek 100% Leather jacket Size L best quality

Cripple Creek 100% Leather jacket Sz L

CategoryWomen, Jackets & Coats, Leather Jackets

17 disturbing things Snowden has taught us (so far)

Miz Mooz Womens 7.5 Petra Sandal Open Toe Strappy Wedge Wood Platform,
Updated on
Free people blazer xs,
Converse all Star high tops,

Editor's Note: This article was originally published in 2013 and was updated in January 2014. It has been updated again.

we11done White shirts | size : S,

The USA Patriot Act Thermal Turtleneck Top BoxyLids Red Made You Look BLACK LIVES MATTER (SnapBack).,

Ever since Congress passed the controversial law in October 2011, proponents have argued its provisions give law enforcement and government agencies the power they need to keep the United States safe from terrorist attacks like 9/11. Critics have said  those powers are far too broad. They've stripped away civil liberties and privacy and made it too easy for the government and law enforcement to spy on US citizens without accountability.

Mark Nason leather high top sneakers sz 11,

Womens Ankle Bootie Black with Thick Low Heels Side Zipper Ankle Boot,

Kramer 1960s 45 Stone Crystal Pin Broach,

Bracelets & Watch set, reported on June 6, 2013 that, according to documents leaked by Edward Snowden, the Obama administration enabled the National Security Agency to collect caller information from Verizon through a “business records” provision of the Patriot Act, established under President George W. Bush. The government ordered Verizon to hand over call information on a daily basis, including the time, location and duration of calls. The Bush administration began collecting such information in October 2001 from AT&T, Verizon and BellSouth, which USA Today reported in 2006.

The consequence:

Merrell Purple sweater dress,

we11done black t-shirt,Abercrombie & Fitch Men's Lightweight Down Vest,


Snowden also leaked a Warby parker aviatorsKookai Cowl Neck Grey Sweater. Sz3/M,

PRISM is the NSA effort to collect massive amounts of data from internet companies such as email content, search histories and file transfers tied to potential terrorism or espionage suspects. The PowerPoint presentation confirmed that the NSA is able to directly access the servers of "major US service providers,” describing collaboration with tech companies like YouTube, Skype, Google and Apple. Google, Apple, and others in the tech industry, however, denied awareness of the program. 

PRISM began in 2007 with Microsoft and expanded to include Apple in 2012. To be subject to PRISM surveillance, there need only be “reasonable suspicion” that one of the suspects is outside the United States. Unlike the Verizon court-ordered collaboration, the government can access live information, photos, video chats and data from social networks directly through the companies’ servers without required consent or individual court orders. One slide puts the cost of the program at $20 million per year.

The consequence:

Victoria's Secret bag black with pink sequin stripes,

Vintage 80s Satin and Lace Bodysuit Teddy Romper Black Small,

Valentino short size 40,

Kimberly velour track set Emerald Green,Men’s POLO Ralph Lauren vest, reported on June 8.

J. Crew Marley Ballet Flats Coral and Pink Cap Toe,

Lancôme Rénergie Lift Multi-Action Lift And Firming Anti-Aging Night Cream Moist,

NWOT Rebecca Minkoff White Fringe Bag,

Maje High Rise Metallic Jacquard Trapeze Shorts,

Love Tree Los Angeles Jumper (M),

NWOT Fringe boho macrame festival crossbody bag,

Snowden, speaking with Blue Life floral romper color mustard blossom,, gave his first press interview with an outlet other than the Guardian after revealing himself as the source of the leaks on June 12. He said he would stay in Hong Kong until he is "asked to leave,” and said that he took up his previous role as a consultant with Booz Allen Hamilton with the intent of disseminating state secrets. (Snowden would later fly to Moscow and initiate asylum applications with more than 20 countries, many of them denied.) Snowden also told the South China Morning Post that the NSA has been hacking mainland Chinese and Hong Kong computers since 2009. He claimed the NSA hacked networks at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, home to the Hong Kong Internet Exchange and Hong Kong’s main terminal for all internet traffic.

WHBM Blue Stripe Blazer,:

Snowden's statements hardened the standoff between China and the United States over hacking. Hong Kong Secretary for Security Lai Tung-kwok announced that the Hong Kong Internet Exchange has been monitored but appears unaffected, while Chinese University announced that it has not found evidence of hacking on its servers.

The domestic debate in the United States began to reach a fever pitch. A Gallup Poll conducted between June 10 and June 11 placed support among Americans for Snowden’s actions at 44 percent, while 42 percent said his actions were wrong. Still, the poll found that 57 percent of respondents did not support the NSA’s surveillance programs as outlined in the leaked documents, while 37 percent approved.

ASICS Gel Contend 4 Running Shoes sz 10 Women's,

(Ethan Miller/Getty Images)

Nike Air Monarch IV Men’s Triple Black Sneakers / Size 12,

B. Makowsky Crossbody Bag Bronze Leather,

There is specific mention in the slides of targeting “the Turkish finance minister and possibly 15 others in his party,” MEPHISTO Runoff Air Jet System Sneakers Walking Shoes Leather Women's size 6.5. The slides suggest “senior level” members of government in Gordon Brown’s administration, Britain's prime minister at the time, were aware of the intelligence gathering and that the information “was passed to British ministers.” The presentation also alludes to such covert techniques being neither unprecedented nor unique.

Tibi Womens Size 0 Ant Farm Print Asymmetrical Midi Skirt Dark Navy,

Stunning patchwork jute market bag tote carry bag,

Rick Owens Womenswear Sequin Cut Off Short,

NSA Director General Keith Alexander (L) and Sean Joyce, deputy director of the FBI. (Saul Loeb/Getty Images)

Nike lebron x lava sneakers,

On June 20, the Guardian revealed two more documents obtained by Snowden (viewable Clay Pinafore Jumpsuit, and hereJordan series mid .03 Iris whisper 11 1/2,

The consequence:

While the documents outline the circumstances the NSA must destroy data collected from US citizens, as well as the rigorous steps analysts are supposed to take to make sure a target is outside the United States, they also reveal several ways the NSA can continue to use data collected on US citizens. The revelations appear to contradict statements by Obama and others that the NSA cannot access data on US citizens without a warrant.

Leather Michael Kors wristlet,

SHOWSTOPPER Vintage Black Leather & Velvet Asymmetric Overlay Skirt,

NWT - Mocha Anne Klein suit skirt size 12,

MAISON MARGIELA Asymmetric Crepe Skirt in Black Women's Size IT 40 US 4 5,

7) Friends who hack together stay together

HPNWT. Adrianna Papell Silver Jacket with Jewelry Embellished Belt Plus-16W.,revealed slidesMen's XS Ski The East Down Vest,

Zara multicolored stripe sweater,

The slides indicate that private companies are required to give GCHQ discreet access to tap the cables. The United Kingdom shared that information with the NSA beginning in 2011, giving the US spy agency unlimited access to GCHQ data. The slides show that “850,000 NSA employees and US private contractors with top secret clearance had access to GCHQ databases.”

The consequence:

Officials and private citizens raised concerns on both sides of the Atlantic that there is insufficient oversight and limited restrictions on the UK’s fiber-optic surveillance system. The close-knit relationship between the US and UK intelligence agencies, as well as the NSA’s unfiltered access to Britain’s world-leading cyber-surveillance stores, came under heightened scrutiny. Some diplomats worried that the revelations could negatively impact EU-US trade discussions, and that China-US cybersecurity talks, already on a tentative footing, could suffer as well.

NWT LLR Carly Dress + XS + Purple + Black,

Rae Dunn "ORGANIC CALENDAR",B. Makowsky Leather Brown Crossbody Purse Bag Women,, Snowden said on June 23 that the NSA has hacked into computer networks at Tsinghua University an unknown number of times. Snowden said on a single day in January 63 computers and servers were hacked. Snowden argued that the internal and external IP addresses he disclosed could only come from hacking or physical access to the computers.

The facility at Tsinghua University is one of six backbone networks that comprise the China Education and Research Network (CERNET), through which internet data for millions of Chinese can be accessed. The system was the first of its kind and is now the largest national research hub in the world. It is owned by the Ministry of Education and maintained by the university and other colleges.

VINTAGE Two piece short setConverse All-Star athletic shoes,

BELLA LUXX Los Angeles Olive Green Asymmetrical Skirt,

Dolce Vita Jaine Saddle Suede Booties,

*PEEK "Olivia" Dress Metallic Fuschia & Gold Sz 8 NWT,

Korean Fashion Sky Star Galaxy Embroidery Leather Shoulder Chain Handbag Purse,

Tom Ford Sunglasses- Sasha,

Mint “My Other Bag” canvas toteAlfani | White Lofts,

Greenwald said that though the still-secret documents are encrypted, Snowden has made arrangements for the passwords to reach those with the files if he is unable to access them himself.

VINCE Asymmetric Seam Skirt in Naples Sun, Size 10,

The consequence:

The fact that Snowden made multiple copies of the classified intelligence he carries created renewed angst among US officials. New questions were raised as to whether the US intelligence community can adequately stem the current leak and prevent future breaches from occurring.

NWOT Nine West Convertible Crossbody/Wristlet,

Viviane & Michael Hand-made knitwear,

10) NSA surveils Europe

German news magazine Der SpiegelAG Erin Denim Pencil Skirt Sz. 26 (GR2),

The document reportedly specifies Europeans as a “location target,” with Germans singled out as a major focus of US eavesdropping. The document also mentions telecommunications hacking — first reported by EU officials five years ago — of the EU Council of Ministers and the European Council at the Justus Lipsius Building in Brussels. Calls from an NSA-occupied building at the NATO headquarters outside of Brussells, according to the document, were traced to the Lipsius Building. 

The consequence:

Europeans erupted in anger over the new allegations. German Justice Minister Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger said: "If the media reports are accurate, then this recalls the methods used by enemies during the Cold War."

Grievences with the US surveillance program were particularly evident in Germany where, after a frank conversation between German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Obama during his visit to Berlin earlier in the month, cybersecurity was a hot topic.  

Ann Taylor plunge neck party dress in black size 8,

Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaite (left) and French President Francois Hollande. (Jacques Demarthon/Getty Images)

Abstract Hand Knit Mans Beanie Size Small,

NWT Calvin Klein Hailey Phone Crossbody NWT's,The Guardian revealed a 2007 document that named 38 embassies and missions that were “targets” of US surveillance, including the EU embassy in Washington and its mission in New York. 

LOUIS FERAUD lined sea foam jacket/very nice condition/US8/UK12,

The list of countries targeted was not limited to EU members or the traditional enemies of the United States, but instead includes the likes of India and Mexico, as well as Greece and Turkey. Gaining insider knowledge of diplomatic relations between the targeted states and the United States was the primary goal of the targeted surveillance, The Guardian reported.

unique Vera Bradley crossbody,

Dash Compact Air Fryer,

Coach Suffolk calf Suede ankle boots in mink,

Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff and Barack Obama at the G20 summit in Russia on Sept. 6. (Jewel Samad/Getty Images)

12) Dilma's dilemma 

In July, J. Crew Tan Schoolboy Blazer,Adam Adam Lippes black pencil skirt 8,

Desmo Made In Italy Purse Shoulder Bag,Claudia Ciuti Bag"Black Lives Matter" Tote,

Wander Beauty Do Not Disturb overnight repair concentrate,

As a result, Vintage Henri Matisse pin to the White House, demanding answers and a commitment from Washington to stop snooping in her country. It was set to be the first state visit by a Brazilian president in about two decades, and the only one scheduled this year at the White House. Although the Obama administration claimed the postponement was a joint decision made by the two presidents, some media described it as the sternest rebuke yet from a friendly nation over NSA leaks.

Young Fabulous & Broke sz small or 14 girls,Valentino Double Splittable ShortsSAINT LAURENT HIGH-RISE RIB-KNIT CYCLISTE SHORTS, SZ XS BLACK,

Nude Suede Leather Wedge Size 10 DV by Dolce Vita,

Brown leather coat w brown lining & rabbit fur,

13) Your address book is the NSA's address book

Ben Sherman Blue Hoodie Sweatshirt,Washington PostBlack leather KorkEase wedges,

Alexander wang short,

The newly unveiled program expands on the NSA’s reach even beyond the already expansive PRISM and Xkeyscore programs, which gave the government the ability to access nearly all digital communications.

Spices and spices rack,

Adidas Hard Court High Sneakers Size 9,

German front pages, Oct. 25, 2013. (Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

Nice Turtleneck,

A new round of revelations, courtesy of Snowden, leaked on Oct. 28 focused on the scope of the United States spying on its own allies, including Germany, France and Spain. 

According to media, the NSA had tapped the phones of some 35 world leaders including close ally German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who branded the snooping unacceptable between friends. Spanish media reports that the NSA monitored 60 million phone calls in Spain in one month, according to the American Optical Vintage Glasses,Brown Cole Haan Booties sz 8.5,

The consequence:

As a result, tensions are rising between the US and various allies. Merkel personally called Obama on Oct. 23, demanding an explanation, the NAPA Auto Vintage Trucker Hat Spring Classic Distr reported. Just days prior, President François Hollande of France also called the White House to confront Obama about reports that the NSA was targeting the private phone calls and text messages of millions of French people.

Clark’s Artisan Lace Up Active Air Shoes Size 5 M,SKETCHERS PARALLEL CRUSHED VELVET GLAN WEDGES WOMANS 9Dooney & Bourke Bucs Wristlet,Lime Green Feather Hair FashionMens size 9.5 - Nike Roshe Run Triple Black 2015,

(Paul J. Richards/AFP/Getty Images)

NEW Shiseido Hydrating Cream,

The Washington Post reported on Jan. 2, 2014 that — as always, according to documents leaked by Snowden — the NSA is racing to build a so-called quantum computer, which would be housed in room-sized metal boxes, that has the ability to break encryptions used to protect everything from banking to medical records. The new quantum computer is part of a $79.7 million program suggestively called "Penetrating Hard Targets."

Many in the scientific community have long been trying to build quantum computers and it's unclear how much further along the NSA's project is compared to anyone else's. "The NSA appears to regard itself as running neck and neck with quantum computing labs sponsored by the European Union and the Swiss government, with steady progress but little prospect of an immediate breakthrough," wrote The Washington Post.

*NWOB* BEARPAW Frankie Bearly There Feather Weight Lace Up Sneaker,


SQUISH BEAUTY Smoosh Moisturizer,

(Johannes Eisele/AFP/Getty Images)

16) "Dishfire" LOL

Kate Spade bag and large zip wallet.,CDG Grey Converse 100% authentic from around the world. The NSA then used the messages to extract location information, contact networks and credit card details of mobile users. And in the spirit of sharing, the NSA provided British intelligence with all of that data, with the exception of the actual content of the text messages (so your embarrassing secret is safe?). Like everything the NSA does, the program has a cool name — Dishfire.

Nike SB Black Game Royal-Mens 14,

Janie and Jack Blush Floral Jacquard Belted Dress Sz 6 NWT,COOACH MIA Op Art Sateen MAGGIE Black Patent Signature Hobo Purse Bag 17689 (which was so full of jargon you'd need a quantum computer to decipher it) outlining proposed policy changes in reaction to Snowden's whistleblowing and the subsequent NSA scandals.

Classiques Entier 100% wool skirt,

17) SIM City, NSA 

NIB Steve Madden Gryffin Snake print Wedge side zip Heel - Size 8,

ASOS Design Women’s Sneakers in February 2015 that Snowden provided it documents that showed the NSA and the GCHQ had hacked into the network of Gemalto, a Dutch company that manufactures two billion SIM cards per year and supplies AT&T, Verizon, T-Mobile and many other wireless providers. According to the Intercept, the hack would have given the agencies access the billions of unique encryption keys that secure the communications of designated users.

Gemalto admitted that it had been the target of at least two "particularly sophisticated intrusions" and said it was likely the NSA and GCHQ had been responsible. But it denied the hacks would have given the agencies access to the encryption keys.

The consequence:

Suede Beige Lace Up Ankle Booties,Avanti Suede Leather Jacket w/colorful Embroidery Color Tan 1XNEW Shiseido Hydrating Day Cream,