Vintage | Louben Black Skirt • 8 fashion mall

Who doesn’t love a classic skirt. This trumpet style skirt is perfect. Fully lined. Zips in the back
Waist is 15 in
Length is 30 in

CategoryWomen, Skirts, Midi
Style TagsVintage, Trupetskirt, Classic

17 disturbing things Snowden has taught us (so far)

Mossimo Women’s Jacket SM,
Updated on
Men’s puma suede foil birch-Hawaiian Surf size 7,
Coach "poppy" tote purse,

Editor's Note: This article was originally published in 2013 and was updated in January 2014. It has been updated again.

Saint Laurent Paris Teddy Drawstring Bag,

The USA Patriot Act Steve Madden "bmolly" black tote bagAMIRI DENIM JEANS,

Ever since Congress passed the controversial law in October 2011, proponents have argued its provisions give law enforcement and government agencies the power they need to keep the United States safe from terrorist attacks like 9/11. Critics have said  those powers are far too broad. They've stripped away civil liberties and privacy and made it too easy for the government and law enforcement to spy on US citizens without accountability.

NWT Handbags Ladies Hobo Bag Red,

Girls summer jumpsuit/romper, size 7,

Nike Air Force 1 SF Mid 'Ivory Mars Stone'(917753-,

Men’s ASICS Hypersprints 5, reported on June 6, 2013 that, according to documents leaked by Edward Snowden, the Obama administration enabled the National Security Agency to collect caller information from Verizon through a “business records” provision of the Patriot Act, established under President George W. Bush. The government ordered Verizon to hand over call information on a daily basis, including the time, location and duration of calls. The Bush administration began collecting such information in October 2001 from AT&T, Verizon and BellSouth, which USA Today reported in 2006.

The consequence:

Joe's Jeans Women's Ankle Crop Jeans Blue Size 27,

Men’s Nike Rival Racing Spikes with bag NEW,Symbiome Postbiomic Oil Duo for face. Made in Cali created by Nature. NEW!,

Coach Heritage Peyton Brown & Black Silver-Tone Signature Tote F18917 8,

Snowden also leaked a *AVON* Green Goddess Plant Based Facial Oil 0.95 fl. oz.Crewcuts tie dye romper, 4T girls,

PRISM is the NSA effort to collect massive amounts of data from internet companies such as email content, search histories and file transfers tied to potential terrorism or espionage suspects. The PowerPoint presentation confirmed that the NSA is able to directly access the servers of "major US service providers,” describing collaboration with tech companies like YouTube, Skype, Google and Apple. Google, Apple, and others in the tech industry, however, denied awareness of the program. 

PRISM began in 2007 with Microsoft and expanded to include Apple in 2012. To be subject to PRISM surveillance, there need only be “reasonable suspicion” that one of the suspects is outside the United States. Unlike the Verizon court-ordered collaboration, the government can access live information, photos, video chats and data from social networks directly through the companies’ servers without required consent or individual court orders. One slide puts the cost of the program at $20 million per year.

The consequence:

American Eagle plaid belted gray pea coat woman Small,

Anthropologie Just Female Twice Dress Color Block,

Buckle BKE culture stretch crop size 26,

Ed Hardy -Tiger Tie-Dye Sneakers NIB Sz 8,Calvin Klein Harlo Espadrille Wedge 8.5 / 11, reported on June 8.

BA&SH Usso Paisley High/Low Dress,

Portland Leather Goods Sunflower Yellow Leather Mini Envelope Wallet NWT,

Longchamp Shoulder purse,

Red Valentino Canvas Braided Sandals,

Marc Jacobs Leather Wristlet Wallet,

Coach Large Black Canvas and Brown Leather Tote Bag,

Snowden, speaking with Cyber Gothic Punk Platform Glitter Mid Calf Boots,, gave his first press interview with an outlet other than the Guardian after revealing himself as the source of the leaks on June 12. He said he would stay in Hong Kong until he is "asked to leave,” and said that he took up his previous role as a consultant with Booz Allen Hamilton with the intent of disseminating state secrets. (Snowden would later fly to Moscow and initiate asylum applications with more than 20 countries, many of them denied.) Snowden also told the South China Morning Post that the NSA has been hacking mainland Chinese and Hong Kong computers since 2009. He claimed the NSA hacked networks at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, home to the Hong Kong Internet Exchange and Hong Kong’s main terminal for all internet traffic.

Skechers Seager Floral Knit Wide Fit Sneakers Women Size 9.5,:

Snowden's statements hardened the standoff between China and the United States over hacking. Hong Kong Secretary for Security Lai Tung-kwok announced that the Hong Kong Internet Exchange has been monitored but appears unaffected, while Chinese University announced that it has not found evidence of hacking on its servers.

The domestic debate in the United States began to reach a fever pitch. A Gallup Poll conducted between June 10 and June 11 placed support among Americans for Snowden’s actions at 44 percent, while 42 percent said his actions were wrong. Still, the poll found that 57 percent of respondents did not support the NSA’s surveillance programs as outlined in the leaked documents, while 37 percent approved.

Stitch Fix Liverpool The Ankle Skinny Jeans in Mulberry Wine Denim Women Size 27,

(Ethan Miller/Getty Images)

Gal Meets Glam Floral Halter Neck Maxi Dress,

Dark blue spandex dress.,

There is specific mention in the slides of targeting “the Turkish finance minister and possibly 15 others in his party,” Rails Sleeveless Plaid High-Lo Shirt Dress. The slides suggest “senior level” members of government in Gordon Brown’s administration, Britain's prime minister at the time, were aware of the intelligence gathering and that the information “was passed to British ministers.” The presentation also alludes to such covert techniques being neither unprecedented nor unique.

Yeezy 350 moon rocks Size 12 US Men’s,

Fourth of July Denim Romper,

Pony of New York Men’s Athletic Shoes PP1-Base Royal Blue Size12,

NSA Director General Keith Alexander (L) and Sean Joyce, deputy director of the FBI. (Saul Loeb/Getty Images)

Tory Burch-8 Brook Slouchy Knee High Suede Boots, “Forest Green”, Size 9, NWT,

On June 20, the Guardian revealed two more documents obtained by Snowden (viewable Diezijn Holland Croc Vegan Crossbody Messenger Bag, and herePour la Victoire wedges,

The consequence:

While the documents outline the circumstances the NSA must destroy data collected from US citizens, as well as the rigorous steps analysts are supposed to take to make sure a target is outside the United States, they also reveal several ways the NSA can continue to use data collected on US citizens. The revelations appear to contradict statements by Obama and others that the NSA cannot access data on US citizens without a warrant.

FRAME Platform Le Canon Cork-Inspired Platform Chelsea Boots Black Size 9.5 NEW,

J B Dillion Leather Boots Silver Gray Metallic JBA,

Adaira Paradise (coral) wedge sandals 7.5,

Shiraleah Arden tote,

7) Friends who hack together stay together

Nike Flyknit Free Size 10.5,revealed slides3 Sterling diamond cut hinged bangle bracelets,

MISA Los Angeles Katarina Dress in Peony Floral Ditsy M High Low,

The slides indicate that private companies are required to give GCHQ discreet access to tap the cables. The United Kingdom shared that information with the NSA beginning in 2011, giving the US spy agency unlimited access to GCHQ data. The slides show that “850,000 NSA employees and US private contractors with top secret clearance had access to GCHQ databases.”

The consequence:

Officials and private citizens raised concerns on both sides of the Atlantic that there is insufficient oversight and limited restrictions on the UK’s fiber-optic surveillance system. The close-knit relationship between the US and UK intelligence agencies, as well as the NSA’s unfiltered access to Britain’s world-leading cyber-surveillance stores, came under heightened scrutiny. Some diplomats worried that the revelations could negatively impact EU-US trade discussions, and that China-US cybersecurity talks, already on a tentative footing, could suffer as well.

Donna Karan - Black Sol Calf Leather Clutch Bag,

I♥️JC gold and snakeskin wedge platform sandal 9,MK quilted trench coat,, Snowden said on June 23 that the NSA has hacked into computer networks at Tsinghua University an unknown number of times. Snowden said on a single day in January 63 computers and servers were hacked. Snowden argued that the internal and external IP addresses he disclosed could only come from hacking or physical access to the computers.

The facility at Tsinghua University is one of six backbone networks that comprise the China Education and Research Network (CERNET), through which internet data for millions of Chinese can be accessed. The system was the first of its kind and is now the largest national research hub in the world. It is owned by the Ministry of Education and maintained by the university and other colleges.

Nike Airmax 720 Undercover editionDC Rebound High Sneakers Size 7.5,

ROCOCO SAND Ciel Rainbow Gradient Georgette High-Low Dress,

Rare Hiptini Belt Bag,

Puma Speed 600 Fusefit Heatmap Sneakers,

Classic whimsy crab bubble,

Janie and Jack whale bubble,

Nanette Lepore Sonata Multicolor Floral Embroidery On Black ShiftDressFreebird “cosmos” boots,

Greenwald said that though the still-secret documents are encrypted, Snowden has made arrangements for the passwords to reach those with the files if he is unable to access them himself.

NWT Handbags Ladies Hobo Bag Burgundy,

The consequence:

The fact that Snowden made multiple copies of the classified intelligence he carries created renewed angst among US officials. New questions were raised as to whether the US intelligence community can adequately stem the current leak and prevent future breaches from occurring.

NEW Women's Tote Handle Satchel (2pcs) Coffee,

KURU Carrera Athletic Running Shoes Gray/white 202203 Women's Size 11,

10) NSA surveils Europe

German news magazine Der SpiegelNWT Handbags Ladies Hobo Bag Brown,

The document reportedly specifies Europeans as a “location target,” with Germans singled out as a major focus of US eavesdropping. The document also mentions telecommunications hacking — first reported by EU officials five years ago — of the EU Council of Ministers and the European Council at the Justus Lipsius Building in Brussels. Calls from an NSA-occupied building at the NATO headquarters outside of Brussells, according to the document, were traced to the Lipsius Building. 

The consequence:

Europeans erupted in anger over the new allegations. German Justice Minister Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger said: "If the media reports are accurate, then this recalls the methods used by enemies during the Cold War."

Grievences with the US surveillance program were particularly evident in Germany where, after a frank conversation between German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Obama during his visit to Berlin earlier in the month, cybersecurity was a hot topic.  

Show Me Your MuMu Hacienda Maxi Dress Ivory,

Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaite (left) and French President Francois Hollande. (Jacques Demarthon/Getty Images)

Michael Michael kors black bow wedges,

vintage chunky orange coral necklace,The Guardian revealed a 2007 document that named 38 embassies and missions that were “targets” of US surveillance, including the EU embassy in Washington and its mission in New York. 

Daily Practice by Anthropologie Belted Knit Maxi Dress | Size Small,

The list of countries targeted was not limited to EU members or the traditional enemies of the United States, but instead includes the likes of India and Mexico, as well as Greece and Turkey. Gaining insider knowledge of diplomatic relations between the targeted states and the United States was the primary goal of the targeted surveillance, The Guardian reported.

Mens Nike Zoom Pegasus 35 Running Shoes Size 11.5 Red,

NEW Salvatore Ferragamo Platform Sandals,

Men's Jordan Retro 8,

Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff and Barack Obama at the G20 summit in Russia on Sept. 6. (Jewel Samad/Getty Images)

12) Dilma's dilemma 

In July, NEW Suede Wedge With Gold Buckle 7,G.I.L.I. GOT IT LOVE IT LEATHER TOTE BAG BFPM-05-035,

Calvin Klein Large Double Chain Strap Straw Tote Bag w/Faux Leather Accents,Origami Owl "Count Your Blessings" Wallet NWOTGreat Horned Owl Pendant .925 Sterling Silver w/ genuine Moonstone Made in USA,

Nike Lunarepic Flyknit LB Sneaker,

As a result, Gorgeous sage green French designer romper to the White House, demanding answers and a commitment from Washington to stop snooping in her country. It was set to be the first state visit by a Brazilian president in about two decades, and the only one scheduled this year at the White House. Although the Obama administration claimed the postponement was a joint decision made by the two presidents, some media described it as the sternest rebuke yet from a friendly nation over NSA leaks.

Raz woolen Aztec inspired southwestern vibe boho bag tote w leather strap,Marc Jacobs | Coin Purse Quilted Baby PinkJuicy couture Womans wallet clutch wristlet strap deboss black gold emboss BNWT,

Dermalogica Overnight Retinol Repair Serum,

PRICE NOW FIRM Kate Spade New York Glitter Card Holder,

13) Your address book is the NSA's address book

Stuart Weitzman Wren black sock bootie,Washington PostLaundry by Shelli Segal printed Chiffon Dress,

Under armour Spawn,

The newly unveiled program expands on the NSA’s reach even beyond the already expansive PRISM and Xkeyscore programs, which gave the government the ability to access nearly all digital communications.

Rock & Candy Lulu Animal Print Wedge Platform Sneakers,


German front pages, Oct. 25, 2013. (Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

zina kao Credit card wallet/pouch,

A new round of revelations, courtesy of Snowden, leaked on Oct. 28 focused on the scope of the United States spying on its own allies, including Germany, France and Spain. 

According to media, the NSA had tapped the phones of some 35 world leaders including close ally German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who branded the snooping unacceptable between friends. Spanish media reports that the NSA monitored 60 million phone calls in Spain in one month, according to the Authentic Juicy Couture pink and brown wallet,London Fog Belted Parka Trench,

The consequence:

As a result, tensions are rising between the US and various allies. Merkel personally called Obama on Oct. 23, demanding an explanation, the Stuart Weitzman 75mm suede stretch booties reported. Just days prior, President François Hollande of France also called the White House to confront Obama about reports that the NSA was targeting the private phone calls and text messages of millions of French people.

Jessica Simpson siennah knotted wadges pump.,Green Stones Kuchi Necklace, Handmade Boho Necklace, Vintage JewelryBebe fleece cape jacket in black,New Bohemian Gypsy Floral Maxi Beach DressBRIJU men black onyx pendant,

(Paul J. Richards/AFP/Getty Images)

St Johns Bay coat,

The Washington Post reported on Jan. 2, 2014 that — as always, according to documents leaked by Snowden — the NSA is racing to build a so-called quantum computer, which would be housed in room-sized metal boxes, that has the ability to break encryptions used to protect everything from banking to medical records. The new quantum computer is part of a $79.7 million program suggestively called "Penetrating Hard Targets."

Many in the scientific community have long been trying to build quantum computers and it's unclear how much further along the NSA's project is compared to anyone else's. "The NSA appears to regard itself as running neck and neck with quantum computing labs sponsored by the European Union and the Swiss government, with steady progress but little prospect of an immediate breakthrough," wrote The Washington Post.

Ed Hardy -Tiger Tie-Dye Sneakers NIB Sz 7,

Eira's Tote Bags for Women Brown Orange,

Betsey Johnson Velet Wallet,

(Johannes Eisele/AFP/Getty Images)

16) "Dishfire" LOL

Men’s NIKE Tennis Shoes - Size 9.5,Ike Behar gray marbled Pea Coat size Medium from around the world. The NSA then used the messages to extract location information, contact networks and credit card details of mobile users. And in the spirit of sharing, the NSA provided British intelligence with all of that data, with the exception of the actual content of the text messages (so your embarrassing secret is safe?). Like everything the NSA does, the program has a cool name — Dishfire.

Green Liz Clairborne pea coat belt Sm,

KASSY Distressed Cable Knit Sweater,Bannana Republic Black Straw Circle Crossbody Bag (which was so full of jargon you'd need a quantum computer to decipher it) outlining proposed policy changes in reaction to Snowden's whistleblowing and the subsequent NSA scandals.

Jordan 3 Katrina, Size 12, 9.5/10,

17) SIM City, NSA 

*AVON* Isa Knox Anew Ultimate Rejuvenating Serum,

Jessica Moore Crossbody in February 2015 that Snowden provided it documents that showed the NSA and the GCHQ had hacked into the network of Gemalto, a Dutch company that manufactures two billion SIM cards per year and supplies AT&T, Verizon, T-Mobile and many other wireless providers. According to the Intercept, the hack would have given the agencies access the billions of unique encryption keys that secure the communications of designated users.

Gemalto admitted that it had been the target of at least two "particularly sophisticated intrusions" and said it was likely the NSA and GCHQ had been responsible. But it denied the hacks would have given the agencies access to the encryption keys.

The consequence:

Levi's 515 Women's 6 Blue Capris Red Tag Jeans,NWT Handbags Ladies Hobo Bag BlackAquaterra gemstones necklace,